phpUnderControl

Info | HTML | Text

Documentation - Getting started

Getting started with CruiseControl

This section describes the required steps to set up and configure a custom project using the ant build system. The following describtion is based on the example files bundled with phpUnderControl since version 0.2.2. To illustrate the configuration the following paragraphs use the phpUnderControl subversion repository.

The first thing that is needed is a root directory for the project. This directory must be located under /path/to/cruisecontrol/projects. If you use the example files shipped with phpUnderControl the project directory must be named phpundercontrol.org/.

/path/to/cruisecontrol/projects/phpundercontrol.org

For custom projects you have to adjust the matching sections in the config.xml and build.xml files. Both files can also be found in the phpUnderControl docs directory.

The ant build.xml file

The first thing that is needed for a project build is the ant build.xml file in the new project directory. This file is comparable with a engineering blue print that describes how to create a product.

/path/to/cruisecontrol/projects/phpundercontrol.org/build.xml

At first the file should contain the following lines. If your project directory has a different name you should change the @name attribute to that name.

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?> <project name="phpundercontrol.org" basedir="."> </project>

Next, we need a working copy of the source code. The initial checkout is done by hand, as example we use the phpUnderControl trunk.

svn co http://svn.github.com/phpundercontrol/phpUnderControl.git source
Checkout target

To run a build against the latest source code version we must alter the build.xml file to update working copy before the build process starts. The shown target executes a 'svn up' in the phpundercontrol.org/source/ directory.

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?> <project name="phpundercontrol.org" basedir="."> ... <target name="checkout"> <exec executable="svn" dir="${basedir}/source"> <arg line="up" /> </exec> </target> ... </project>

To test that this target works, open a console and change your working dir to /path/to/cruisecontrol/projects/phpundercontrol.org/ and enter

mapi@arwen:phpundercontrol.org$ ../../apache-ant-1.7.0/bin/ant checkout

The result should look similar to:

Buildfile: build.xml checkout: [exec] At revision 2016. BUILD SUCCESSFUL Total time: 1 second
PHPDoc target

The next think we need is an up to date api documentation, so we have to add a new target for PhpDocumentor that generates the documentation on each build cycle.

<project name="phpundercontrol.org" basedir="."> ... <target name="php-documentor"> <exec executable="phpdoc" dir="${basedir}/source"> <arg line="-ct type -ue on -t ${basedir}/build/api -tb /PATH/TO/YOUR/PHPUC/DATA/phpdoc -o HTML:Phpuc:phpuc -d src/"/> </exec> </target> ... </project>

phpUnderControl comes with its own phpDocumentor template that uses a special color scheme that harmonises with the phpUnderControl layout. To use this template you must adjust the -tb option to point onto the phpUnderControl data/phpdoc directory. Furthermore you must set the phpDocumentor output format to HTML:Phpuc:phpuc. The structure of this template is inspired by the eZComponents api documentation.

This target runs PhpDocumentor against the phpundercontrol.org/source/src directory and it stores the generated files under phpundercontrol.org/build/api, which must be created manual.

mapi@arwen:phpundercontrol.org$ mkdir -p build/api

The php-documentor target could be tested similar to the checkout target.

mapi@arwen:phpundercontrol.org$ ../../apache-ant-1.7.0/bin/ant php-documentor
CodeSniffer target

In this section we integrate a PHP_CodeSniffer target into the build file. The target looks similar to the previous targets, the only difference is the @output attribute that forces ant to write the command line output into the phpundercontrol.org/build/logs/checkstyle.xml file.

<project name="phpundercontrol.org" basedir="."> ... <target name="php-codesniffer"> <exec executable="phpcs" dir="${basedir}/source" output="${basedir}/build/logs/checkstyle.xml"> <arg line="--report=checkstyle --standard=PEAR --ignore=src/autoload src/"/> </exec> </target> ... </project>

Before this target can be tested the output directory must be created.

mapi@arwen:phpundercontrol.org$ mkdir -p build/logs
PHPMD target

In this section we will integrate the PHP Mess Detector, a tool that helps you to find complicated-, unused-/dead- and horrible-code. Simply create the following target:

<project name="phpundercontrol.org" basedir="."> ... <target name="phpmd"> <exec executable="phpmd" dir="${basedir}/source"> <arg line="./src xml codesize,unusedcode,naming"/> </exec> </target> ... </project>

You should create the log directory, before you run this target.

mapi@arwen:phpundercontrol.org$ mkdir -p build/logs
PHPUnit target

Finally a target for PHPUnit must be added to the build file. The primary difference here is the @failonerror attribute. This forces ant to emit a build failed signal, if this target doesn't run thru. The different PHPUnit logs are stored in the phpundercontrol.org/build/logs directory which already exists, but for the coverage html report the directory phpundercontrol.org/build/coverage must be created.

mapi@arwen:phpundercontrol.org$ mkdir -p build/coverage

For a detailed description of the available PHPUnit command line options visit the excellent online documentation about the command line options or the new xml configuration.

<project name="phpundercontrol.org" basedir="."> ... <target name="phpunit"> <exec executable="phpunit" dir="${basedir}/source" failonerror="on"> <arg line="--log-junit ${basedir}/build/logs/junit.xml --coverage-xml ${basedir}/build/logs/phpunit.coverage.xml --coverage-html ${basedir}/build/coverage phpucAllTests tests/AllTests.php" /> </exec> </target> ... </project>
Finishing the ant build file

Finally we have to combine the four independent targets into a single target. So create we create a new target build that depends on the other four. Therefore the target element accepts the attribute @depends that takes a comma separated list of other targets.

<project name="phpundercontrol.org" basedir="."> ... <target name="build" depends="checkout,php-documentor,php-codesniffer,phpmd,phpunit" /> ... </project>

Because the new build target is our default target we add the @default attibute to the project root element. This attribute forces ant to execute this target if no other target was passed in as command line argument.

<project name="phpundercontrol.org" default="build" basedir="."> ... </project>

The final directory structure looks similar to the following example:

<path-to-cruisecontrol> |- projects | |- phpundercontrol.org | | |- build | | | |- api | | | |- coverage | | | |- logs | | |- source

and the build.xml file:

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?> <project name="phpundercontrol.org" default="build" basedir="."> <target name="build" depends="checkout,php-documentor,php-codesniffer,phpmd,phpunit" /> <target name="checkout"> <exec executable="svn" dir="${basedir}/source"> <arg line="up" /> </exec> </target> <target name="php-documentor"> <exec executable="phpdoc" dir="${basedir}/source"> <arg line="-ct type -ue on -t ${basedir}/build/api -tb /PATH/TO/YOUR/PHPUC/DATA/phpdoc -o HTML:Phpuc:phpuc -d src/"/> </exec> </target> <target name="php-codesniffer"> <exec executable="phpcs" dir="${basedir}/source" output="${basedir}/build/logs/checkstyle.xml"> <arg line="--report=checkstyle --standard=PEAR --ignore=src/autoload src/"/> </exec> </target> <target name="phpmd"> <exec executable="phpmd" dir="${basedir}/source"> <arg line="./src xml codesize,unusedcode,naming"/> </exec> </target> <target name="phpunit"> <exec executable="phpunit" dir="${basedir}/source" failonerror="on"> <arg line="--log-junit ${basedir}/build/logs/junit.xml --coverage-xml ${basedir}/build/logs/phpunit.coverage.xml --coverage-html ${basedir}/build/coverage phpucAllTests tests/AllTests.php" /> </exec> </target> </project>

The CruiseControl config.xml file

Now that we have a working ant build.xml file, we can start to configure the CruiseControl project. CruiseControl uses one central configuration file config.xml that holds all projects. This file can be found the CruiseControl root directory.

First of all we need a project element for the new project.

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?> <project name="phpundercontrol.org" buildafterfailed="false"> </project>

The optional attribute @buildafterfailed can be used to force CruiseControl that it retries to build a project, after a failed build without changes to the project sources. This option can be useful if the build process is based on an external resource, like a database server that could timeout during the build process.

Including required plugins

For this example we asume that the version control system Subversion is used for the project sources. And the first thing we must do is to load the required svn-plugin.

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?> <project name="phpundercontrol.org" buildafterfailed="false"> <plugin name="svn" classname="net.sourceforge.cruisecontrol.sourcecontrols.SVN" /> </project>
The modificationset triggers a build

Now we must define the case when CruiseControl should try to build a new project version. This is done in the modificationset element. If you have played with the phpUnderControl example project, you already know the alwaysbuild trigger, that performs a build after a defined interval. But for this example we use Subversion to manage the project sources, so we only want a new build if there was a source change.

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?> <project name="phpundercontrol.org" buildafterfailed="false"> ... <modificationset quietperiod="60"> <svn localWorkingCopy="projects/${project.name}/source/"/> </modificationset> </project>

The previous modificationset checks that there are changes in the Subversion repository for the local project checkout projects/${project.name}/source/, that are older than 60 seconds. If this is true, CruiseControl will start a new build for this project.

Use a bootstrapper to keep your build file under version control

CruiseControl has a nice feature called bootstrapper. With this feature you can use an already existing a build.xml file that is under version control, to build your project with CruiseControl. A bootstrapper will load the defined content from the version control system before it starts the main build loop.

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?> <project name="phpundercontrol.org" buildafterfailed="false"> ... <bootstrappers> <svnbootstrapper localWorkingCopy="projects/${project.name}/source/" file="build.xml"/> </bootstrappers> </project>

The previous example will load the build.xml file from the project repository when CruiseControl detects a repository change.

The main project build process

With the existing configuration CruiseControl knows the context project, the used version control system and when it should start a build process, but it doesn't know what to do. This is done with the schedule element that accepts an optional @interval attribute, that defines the number seconds to wait between two builds. The default schedule interval is 300 seconds(five minutes).

The schedule element accepts multiple|different child elements that execute the main build process. For this sample we call ant with the project build.xml file.

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?> <project name="phpundercontrol.org" buildafterfailed="false"> ... <schedule interval="120"> <ant anthome="apache-ant-1.7.0" buildfile="projects/${project.name}/build.xml"/> </schedule> </project>
Listeners

This currentbuildstatuslistener was removed in CruiseControl >= 2.8.3

Logging

The frontend of CruiseControl is based on XSL-stylesheets, therefore its data model is a XML-document. To provide CruiseControl with all informations collected during the build process, all generated XML-logs must be merged in CruiseControl's main log. This is done with the <log /> and the <merge /> element.

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?> <project name="phpundercontrol.org" buildafterfailed="false"> ... <log dir="logs/${project.name}"> <merge dir="projects/${project.name}/build/logs/"/> </log> </project>

These element will merge all XML-documents in the build/logs/ directory into the main log-file.

Howto publish the latest build

Now that you have a running build environment and a CruiseControl setup is one thing to do, the publishing of the build results. First we want to publish the api-documentation to provide our developers with an up2date documentation of the project. We need an <artifactspublisher /> tag to publish a static build result in a public accessible directory.

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?> <project name="phpundercontrol.org" buildafterfailed="false"> ... <publishers> <artifactspublisher dir="projects/${project.name}/build/api" dest="artifacts/${project.name}" subdirectory="api"/> </publishers> </project>

The previous example publisher will make all contents under the @dir directory public available. The @dest tag defines the main target directory, CruiseControl will create a new directory with the build timestamp under this directory. Because we do not only publish the api documentation a subdirectory is required, this can be done with the @subdirectory attribute. CruiseControl will now move the apidoc contents in a directory named artifacts/${project.name}/<timestamp>/api.

Now you should repeat this procedure and add a <artifactspublisher /> for the generated coverage report.

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?> <project name="phpundercontrol.org" buildafterfailed="false"> ... <publishers> <artifactspublisher dir="projects/${project.name}/build/api" ... /> <artifactspublisher dir="projects/${project.name}/build/coverage" dest="artifacts/${project.name}" subdirectory="coverage"/> </publishers> </project>

Finally we want some shiny metric charts, therefore a new publisher is required, the execute publisher. This publisher executes any command for you. You can use this publisher to generate metric charts with phpUnderControl's chart engine, simply add the following lines to your <publishers/> section.

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?> <project name="phpundercontrol.org" buildafterfailed="false"> ... <publishers> <artifactspublisher dir="projects/${project.name}/build/api" ... /> <artifactspublisher dir="projects/${project.name}/build/coverage" ... /> <execute command="phpuc graph logs/${project.name} artifacts/${project.name}"/> </publishers> </project>

And that's it :-) Now you should have a running build environment and a running CruiseControl installation.

Revision 11
By Manuel Pichler
At Mon, 09 Aug 2010 10:25:02 +0200